Myths to dispel: is sugar bad for you?


Myths to dispel: is sugar bad for you?

Is sugar really bad or the important thing is to limit its consumption? We give you some good tips that will help you orient yourself.

When we talk about sugar  we are referring to carbohydrates, which however differ in 2 types: simple and complex. Monosaccharides, such as glucose and fructose, and disaccharides such as sucrose, maltose and lactose belong to the category of simple sugars. They are carbohydrates with a sweet taste, soluble in water, easy to digest and generally quickly absorbed.eating sugar means taking in empty calories, without nutrientsThey are a good source of energy however, unlike complex carbohydrates such as bread, pasta, rice, they do not provide added nutritional value in addition to calories (which are therefore also defined as empty calories ) because they do not contain other nutrients such as proteins, vitamins, minerals. and fibers as is the case with cereals, in particular wholemeal ones. Recently the World Health Organization (WHO) published the new guidelines relating to sugar intake according to which the daily intake of simple sugars must be reduced to below 10% of the total calories introduced in a day , both in adults than in children. Therefore, as suggested, the consumption of sugar should be containedsince excess can damage our body, in particular we analyze 4 good reasons why we should eat less sugar .

 

  1. To avoid problems related to a sudden increase in blood sugar . Simple sugars can have a negative impact on health not only for diabetics, who are known to have high blood glucose levels, but also in the general population because they can cause a rapid rise in blood sugar, one of the factors of metabolic syndrome. and a risk factor for the development of insulin resistance and metabolic diseases as well.
  2. To avoid weight gainExcessive consumption of sugar alters the level of insulin in the blood causing it to increase dramatically in order to counteract hyperglycemia. In turn, the massive release of insulin causes a sudden drop in blood sugar (called reactive hypoglycemia), which is a powerful stimulus to the onset of hunger. In practice, therefore, simple sugars taken in large quantities are absorbed so quickly that the individual feels hunger even before the body has had the opportunity to use them for energy purposes. Consequently, given the wide availability of food, the subject is predisposed to ingest again large quantities of simple sugars, ending up with taking in more calories than he consumes. This triggers a vicious circle that leads to consuming sugars continuously,
  3. To reduce the risk of developing chronic degenerative diseases . The amount of sugar consumed is such as to be one of the factors that have led to the increase in non-communicable metabolic diseases, i.e. diseases that are not contracted with infections but are caused by styles of incorrect life and nutrition or from various kinds of abuse and therefore not preventable, such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes.
  4. To have a more beautiful smile . Let’s not forget that not only our body but also our smile benefit from this reduction in sugar: there is numerous evidence regarding the development of dental caries  when the consumption of sugar is above 10% of energy.

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